* Genealogy of the Iles Family *
(version July 9, 2017)
Please email corrections to Mike Clark
 

 

  1. John Iles (d. 1692) married a woman named Elizabeth (c.1632-1715) and died in 1692, based on the date of his will. His wife Elizabeth died at the age of 83 on May 1, 1715 and is buried at Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. His will, which was proven on November 23, 1692 is available from the British National Archives, and identifies him as John Iles, Clothier of Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. His wife Elizabeth is said to have died at the age of 83 on May 1, 1715, but we have not been able to confirm this.

    children - ILES

    John Iles (b. c.1652), first of the name, was baptized on September 29, 1652 in Minchinhampton.

    John Iles (c.1657-1727), who follows.

    Elizabeth Iles (b. c.1662) was baptized on November 27, 1662 in Minchinhampton. She married Giles Pinfold on June 14, 1683 in Minchinhampton.

    Nathaniel Iles (b. c.1663) was born about 1663 and married Anne Townsend on December 26, 1699 in Haling, Gloucestershire.

    William Iles (b. c.1666) was baptized on December 20, 1666 in Minchinhampton.

    Martha Iles (b. c.1669) was baptized November 23, 1669 in Minchinhampton. She married William Stone on Mapril 19, 1690 in Gloucestershire.

    Catherine Iles (c.1671-1756) was born about 1671 and was married Thomas Packer on May 16, 1695 in Minchinhampton. She died at the age of 85 on March 15, 1756 and is buried in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire.

     

  2. John Iles, the Elder (c.1657-1727), second of the name and the son of John and Elizabeth Iles, was born about 1657, probably in Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. Although we have not seen it, a Gloucester marriage license dated May 22, 1684 is said to exist for him to wed Mary Stancombe (c.1659-1737). He was at the time the owner of the Iles Mill at Chalford on the Frome River, which he passed on to his son John Iles the younger. He died at the age of 70 on March 27, 1727 at Minchinhampton, where there is a monument for both him and his wife in the Holy Trinity Church in Minchinhampton. His will, which was proven on July 15, 1728 in Gloucestershire, is available from the British National Archives, and identifies him as John Iles of Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. His wife Mary died on July 8, 1737 at the age of 78, with her memorial inscription placed below that of her husband, and inscriptions to their sons John, Thomas and Joseph, and others of the family are found beneath.

  3. children - ILES

    Thomas Iles (1684?-1686), first of the name, is assumed to the firstborn child. He is known from his burial monument in the Holy Trinity Church in Minchinhampton that gives 1686 as his death date, and identifies him as the son of John Iles, the Elder

    John Iles (b. c.1685), first of the name, was baptized in Feb. of 1685 in Minchinhampton. He must have died sometime before the 1700 birth of his brother of the same name.

    Sarah Iles (b. c.1686) was baptized July 15, 1686 in Minchinhampton.

    Elizabeth Iles (b. c.1688) was baptized on April 12, 1688 in Minchinhampton. She was married about 1710 (according to a land settlement) to her first husband Edward Pierce (c.1686-c.1718), Sr. of Devizes, Wiltshire, and they had a son, who was named Edward Pierce also. The elder Edward evidently died before Elizabeth (will dated July 14, 1718, proved 1719), and she married her second husband Daniel Gough (c.1681-1765) on Jan. 29, 1721 in Rodmarton, Gloucestershire. Daniel was the owner of the Gough Mill at Brimscombe, near Stroud (see the discussion on the adjacent Hope Mill). He is likely to be the same Daniel Gough who died on Feb. 10, 1765/66 at the age of 83 years, and is buried in the St. Laurence churchyard in Stroud. We suspect this, as the Daniel Gough we seek had to have died before 1768, given that he left the Gough Mill to his daughters Elizabeth and Catherine Gough, and they were leasing the mill in 1768 to a tenant named John Cambridge.

    Edward Pierce, Jr. (c.1711-1746), the son of Elizabeth Iles and Edward Pierce, Sr, was born about 1711, probably in Minchinhampton, based on the year of his death. He left a will in which he mentions his spinster half-sisters Elizabeth and Catherine. This will, which is available from the British National Archives, was proven on Feb. 24, 1746/47 and identifies him as "Edward Pierce, Clothier of Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire". He died on Dec. 2, 1746 at the age of 35 years, and he is buried in the Minchinhampton Holy Trinity Church, with several members of his family.

    Catherine Gough (c.1723-c.18050, the daughter of Elizabeth Iles and Daniel Gough, was probably born about 1723, as she was baptized on Jan. 7, 1723 in the Minchinhampton parish church. She inherited the Gough Mill in 1765 with her sister Elizabeth, on the death of their father, and became sole owner of the mill upon Elizabeth's death sometime later. She ultimately left the mill around 1805 to the brothers Samuel and Nathaniel Wathen, who were grand nephews of her mother Elizabeth Iles, and therefore cousins to Catherine.

    Elizabeth Gough (b. c.1726), the daughter of Elizabeth Iles and Daniel Gough, was probably born about 1726, as she was baptized on Dec. 6, 1726 in the Minchinhampton parish church. She and her sister Catherine in 1765 inherited the Gough Mill on the death of their father. Elizabeth died before her sister Catherine, and presumably left her share of the mill to Catherine.

    Rebecca Iles (b. c.1689) was baptized March 31, 1689 in Minchinhampton.

    Catherine Iles (b. c.1697) was baptized in February of 1697 in Minchinhampton.

    John Iles (c.1700-1767), of Chalford inherited the Iles Mill from his father. He married Ann Hickes (c.1699-1736), the daughter of John and Martha Hickes. Both John and Ann have a marble monument in the nave of the Holy Trinity Church in Minchinhampton. He died April 20, 1767 at the age of 66 years, and his wife Ann died on Aug. 4, 1736 at the age of 39 years, with her inscription on their monument describing her as "the most agreeable, virtuous and best of wives." Nearby is a memorial plaque for her mother Martha Hickes, who died January 14, 1745/46 at the age of 74 years. John and Ann had a son named John Iles (b. 1728), third of the name, who inherited the family mill. This son subsequently sold the mill about 1806 to John Ballinger (d. 1848), ending three generations of family ownership.

    Thomas Iles (c.1702-1731), second of the name, married a woman named Mary (c.1701-1728). His will, which was proven on April 30, 1733 in Gloucestershire, is available from the British National Archives, and identifies him as Thomas Iles, Clothier of Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. He died on March 1, 1731 at the age of 29 and is buried in the Holy Trinity Church in Minchinhampton, where there is a marble monument to him and his wife in the nave of the church. His wife Mary died on Dec. 26, 1728 at the age of 27 years. Her memorial inscription is found below that of her husband, and below her inscription there are inscriptions for their daughters Catharine and Mary, "who died in their infancy."

    Joseph Iles (c.1704-1749), who follows.

     

  4. Joseph Iles (c.1704-1749), the son of John Iles of Chalford and Mary Stancombe, was born about 1704 in Minchinhampton, which he refers to as Hampton in his will. He became a wealthy Bristol Merchant, whose firm of Joseph Iles & Co. financed ships that traded for slaves in Africa and sold them for profit in South Carolina in the Americas. He married sometime prior to 1736 Sarah Wraxall (d. 1747), the daughter of Nathaniel Wraxall (1687-1731) of Mayshill (near Winterbourne) and Anne Goddard (d. 1764). Joseph's father-in-law was a shipping merchant, who in 1723 shared the office of High Sheriff of Bristol with John Blackwell. Joseph, in turn, served as High Sheriff in 1737, when he shared the office with Henry Dampier. Nathaniel Wraxall died in 1731 in Bristol, where he is said to be buried in a family vault in the churchyard of St. Mary-le-Port, which was largely destroyed in 1940 during a Nazi air raid.

    Joseph died at the age of 45 on March 14, 1749 in Bristol, and he is buried at Holy Trinity Church in Minchinhampton, where there is a stone tablet for him carved by Robert Chambers that sits high on the wall of the church. Joseph left a will that was proven on April 26, 1750 and is available from the British National Archives. This will, which identifies him as Joseph Iles, Merchant of Bristol, Gloucestershire, mentions his surviving children, and various relatives and business partners, but makes no mention of his wife Sarah, as she died before he did. Among the names he does mention are his sister-in-law Mary Anne Jenkins, brother-in-law Nathaniel Wraxall (the father of Baronet Sir Nathaniel William Wraxall), brother-in-law Daniel Gough of Brimscombe (owner of the Gough Mill), brother John Iles of Chalford, mother Wraxall (his mother-in-law Anne Goddard), sister (in-law) Patty (Elizabeth) Wraxall, and Benjaimn and John Savage, who were Joseph's business associates in the South Carolina slave trade.

    children - ILES

    Sarah Iles (b. c.1736) was born about 1736 somewhere in the Bristol area and baptized on August 2, 1736 at the Lewins Mead Presbyterian Meeting House in central Bristol. She was only 13 years old when her father died, afterwhich she probably went to live in Winterbourne, as she married Ephraim Little on October 7, 1758 at the Winterbourne parish church. She is mentioned in the 1749 will of her father.

    John Iles (b. c.1737), first of the name, was born about 1737 somewhere in the Bristol area and baptized on March 8, 1737 at the Lewins Mead Presbyterian Meeting House in central Bristol. He must have died before the 1741 birth of his brother of the same name.

    Ann Iles (1739-1803), who follows.

    Mary Iles (b. c.1740) was born about 1740 somewhere in Bristol and baptized October 30, 1740 at the Lewins Mead Presbyterian Meeting House in central Bristol. She was only 9 years old when her father died, and she is mentioned with her sisters in his 1749 will. After her parent's deaths, she probably went to live in Winterbourne, as she married John Wansey (c.1723-1777), a clothier from Warminster, on Nov. 19, 1761 in the Winterbourne parish church, being the last of her sisters to marry. Her husband was the youngest son of a promiment family of Warminster clothiers, who were also members of the Old Meeting House Presbyterian congregation in Warminster. She lived out her married life with him at the Byne House, a well-known mansion that her husband built in 1755 on Church Street in Warminster, and which still stands today. He died on Sept. 20, 1776 at the age of 53 and is buried near the Wansey family vault in the Warminster churchyard, with a memorial on the vault that lists his name with other member of the family. His will, which is available in the British National Archives, was proven Feb. 18, 1777 identifies him as "John Wansey, Clothier of Warminster, Wiltshire". He mentions Mary in this will, as well as his deceased brothers George (c.1713-1762) and William (c.1717-1780), and he leaves the Byne House to his nephew George Wansey, Junior (c.1749-1807). It would appear that Mary survived him, but we know nothing more about her, nor where she is buried.

    John Iles (b. c.1741-1768), second of the name, was born about 1741 somewhere in the Bristol area and baptized on January 22, 1741 at the Lewins Mead Presbyterian Meeting House in central Bristol. He is mentioned in his father's 1749 will. He is almost certainly the John Iles who died at the age of 27 on July 13, 1768 somewhere in the Stoud area, and is buried in the churchyard of St. Laurence, the Stroud parish church. If true, then it might imply that he was visiting his sister Ann at Far Thrupp at the time of his death, and/or was working for her husband Joseph Wathen in the family cloth mill at Thrupp. His will, which was proven on October 13, 1768, is available from the British National Archives, and identifies him as John Iles, Gentleman of Stroud, Gloucestershire. He leaves a bequest in this will to his sister Ann Wathen and her children, and he also mentions Ann's husband Joseph Wathen (1726-1786). This mention of Ann Wathen and her husband in the will of John Iles, confirms that she is indeed the daughter of Joseph Iles and Sarah Wraxall.

    Joseph Iles (b. c.1742) was born about 1742 somewhere in the Bristol area and baptized on February 27, 1742 at the Lewins Mead Presbyterian Meeting House in central Bristol. He must have died young, as he is not mentioned in his father's 1749 will.

     

  5. Ann Iles (1738/39-1803), the wife of Joseph Wathen of Stroud, is almost certainly the daughter of Joseph Iles of Bristol and his wife Sarah Wraxall. She is identified in the 1774 and 1777 baptisms of her daughters Anne and Maria as the daughter of Joseph Iles, Esq. of Bristol, and she is mentioned in the will of John Iles (d. 1748), the son of the aforementioned Joseph Iles. There is considerable additional evidence as well to support this relationship. This means that Ann was born in 1738 somewhere in the Bristol area, and baptized on February 10, 1738/39 at the Lewins Mead Presbyterian Meeting House in central Bristol. However, her birth took place prior to the 1751 Calendar Act of Britain, which changed the start of the new year from March 25th to January 1st, and replaced the Julian Calendar that Britain had been using with the Gregorian Calendar. Thus, her offical birth date is 1738, but her actual birth date under the Gregoran Calendar is 1739, which is the date from which her age after 1751 was determined.

    Ann was only 8 years old when her mother died. Two years later her father died as well, and she is mentioned in her father's 1749 will along with both of her sisters and her surviving brother John. Most likely, she was then raised by either family or friends in Winterbourne, a village on the northeast side of Bristol, as she and her two sisters were married there in the same church. Ann's marriage took place on April 17, 1760 when she married a wealthy clothier from Stroud named Joseph Wathen (1726-1786) in the Winterbourne parish church. Ann's uncle John Iles (c.1700-1767) owned a mill in Chalford, near Stroud, and Joseph Wathen was no doubt an aquaintance of her uncle's family.

    As noted, Ann was probably born in central Bristol, but she most likely grew up in the Winterbourne parish on the outskirts of the city. Winterbourne is significant because on the west side of town, less than two miles away, is the hamlet of Mayse Hill (Mayshill), which is the family seat of Ann's grandfather Nathaniel Wraxall (1687-1731). This makes it all the more likely that when Ann and her sisters became orphans, they were taken in by relatives from their mother's side of the family.

    Another parish on the outskirts of Bristol is Hanham Abbotts, which is about three miles east of Bristol, and five or so miles south of Winterbourne and Mayse Hill. Hanham is significant because the Rev. John Wesley, founder of the Methodist faith, preached his first outdoor sermons in 1739 at nearby Hanham Mount. These sermons are sometimes likened to Jesus' sermon on the mount, in that the Hanham Mount sermons won many converts and represent a major turning point in Wesley's life. Ann's parents were Christian dissenters who attended the Presbyterian services at the Lewin's Mead Meeting House in central Bristol, and it is highly likely that they attended some of Wesely's sermons at either Hanham Mount or at Lewin Mead. Of course it is conjecture, but one can imagine Ann's parents watching Wesley preach, becoming friends, then followers of him, and Ann continuing that friendship and faith into adulthood. In any event, Ann Iles Wathen became a close friend of John Wesley, so much so that the Reverend at times dined with Ann and her family at her house.

    Ann spent most of her married life in the village of Far Thrupp, where her husband Joseph leased, and later owned the Thrupp Mill, located on the Frome River just upstream from the town of Stroud. Where they lived initially is not known. but by 1769 they were living in a mansion known as New House that Joseph either built or purchased. The exterior the house looks similar to a house in Warminster, Wiltshire that was built by John Wansey, the husband of Ann's sister Mary, which leads one to wonder if New House was built by Joseph, and designed by the same architect as the Warminster House. In any event, New House remained in the family for at least the next 60 years.

    Ann, as already noted, was a friend of the famous Rev. John Wesley, and there are two mentions of Ann Wathen in Wesley's writings. He first mentions her in a March 8, 1782 letter written in Bristol and directed ‘To Miss Bolton, At Miss James’s, In Caerleon, Gloster. [Gloucestershire]’, in which he writes, "I came hither from Bath this afternoon, and . . . it gave me pleasure to see your letter dated from Caerleon . . . On Monday the 18th instant I hope to have the pleasure of meeting you at Stroud. On Tuesday I have promised to dine with that amiable woman Mrs. Wathen.". Then in an excerpt from Wesley's personal journal for March of 1787 he writes, "Monday 19, I left Bristol with much satisfaction, . . . and in the evening preached at Stroud. Tuesday 20, We had a large congregation at five. Afterwards I met the select society . . . Mrs. Wathen, a few doors from them, left by a most affectionate husband with six children, is a pattern to all about her. I walked from hence through one of the loveliest valleys I ever saw [the Frome River Valley], running with a clear stream in the midst of it, between two lofty mountains, sprinkled all over with little white houses."

    Ann's husband Joseph died at the age of 63 on May 28, 1786 in Stroud, and Ann inherited both the Thrupp Mill and Newhouse, both of which eventually passed to her son Samuel Wathen. She most likely spent her final years at Newhouse with Samuel and his wife Elizabeth. Ann stayed active in Methodist societies in the area, and her name appears in 1791 in the Thrupp Society, of which she may have been the leader. The Thrupp Society in 1794 merged with one at Brinscombe, and Ann's name appears in 1796 and 1802 in the lists of the society at Stroud. She died at the age of 64 on March 10, 1803, most likely at Stroud. There was at one time a memorial tablet to Ann and Joseph under the tower of the Stroud parish church (St. Laurence). This tablet was originally in the north aisle of the old church before being moved in 1869 when the church was rebuilt.

    For the children of Ann Iles and Joseph Wathen please see the Wathen Genealogy

  6.  

    There is considerable evidence that Ann Iles (1739-1803), the wife of Joseph Wathen of Stroud, is the daughter of Joseph Iles, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, as well as the niece of of Joseph's brother John Iles of Chalford, who owned the Iles Mill on the River Frome.
     
    1. Ann is identified in the 1774 and 1777 baptisms of her daughters Anne and Maria as the daughter of Joseph Iles, Esq. of Bristol.
    2. The will of John Iles, son of Joseph Iles and Sarah Warxall, was proven on October 13, 1768 in Gloucestershire and identifies him as John Iles, Gentleman of Stroud, Gloucestershire. He leaves a bequest in this will to his sister Ann Wathen and her children, and he also mentions Ann's husband Joseph Wathen of Stroud.
    3. The Ann Iles we seek married Joseph Wathen of Stroud on April 17, 1760 at the Winterbourne parish church. Winterbourne is located on the outskirts of Bristol, and between 1758 and 1761 three women by the name of Iles were married there - Sarah, Ann and Mary. Joseph Iles of Bristol had three daughters of the same names, and all three would have been in their early twenties at the time of these Winterbourne marriages.
    4. Ann Iles, wife of Joseph Wathen, according to her tombstone, died at the age of 64 on March 10, 1803 at Stroud, Gloucestershire, which puts her likely birthdate in 1739, assuming we are calculating events with the Gregorian calendar, and bearing in mind that prior to the Calendar Act of 1751, the new year in Britain started on March 25th, and not January 1st. Ann Iles, daughter of Joseph Bristol was baptized February 10, 1738, which after 1751 would have changed to February 10, 1739. Also events in the Julian calendar under which Ann would have been born, are about 10 days earlier in 1739, then they would have been under the Gregorian calendar for that year, which Britain adopted in 1751 at the same time the country changed the start of the New Year from March 25th to Jaunary 1st. It all gets very confusing, but it is safe to say that Ann, wife of Joseph Wathen, and Ann, daughter of Joseph Iles, were probably born the same year.
    5. Joseph Iles of Bristol was born in Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire, only a few miles south of where Joseph Wathen of Stroud was born and lived out his life. Furthermore, Joseph Iles' brother John, and his father of the same name, owned the Iles Mill at Chalford, which was located just a few miles upstream from the Thrupp Mill that Joseph Wathen, and his father Jonathan before him leased. Given the proximity of these two families, and the fact that both were prominent local clothiers, makes it highly likely that Ann Iles, wife of Joseph Wathen, came from the same family as Joseph Iles.
    6. The family of Joseph Iles of Bristol were non-conformist Christians associated with the Lewins Meade Presbyterian congregation, and Ann Iles, wife of Joseph Wathen, was a close friend of Rev. John Wesley, who was one of the founders of Methodism, another non-conformist Christian faith. Furthermore, Joseph Wathen's older brother Samuel Wathen, M.D. practiced in the late 1730s Bristol, where he was an ardent follower of John Wesley, and very likely he knew Joseph Iles, and later Joseph's daughters, as members of the largest non-conformist congregation in the city. Although the Presbyterians and Methodists differ in their theology, both were made up of Christian dissenters who practised their faith outside of the mainstream Church of England, which meant that the Wathen family of Stroud and the Iles family of Chalford had much in common.

     


    REFERENCES:

    • The documentation for many of the dates and places listed in this history are found in the Ancestry.com online databases (subscription required).

    • Bigland, Ralph (1990), Historical, Monumental and Genealogical Collections, relative to the County of Gloucester (edited by Brian Firth), The Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaelogical Society, in four volumes. This epic work, which was originally published as two volumes in 1791 and 1792, is greatly expanded in the modern edition referenced here. The sections below are of interest.

    • Minchin Hampton, Part 2 (volume 3), p. 646-662, which lists several monuments to members of the Iles, Gough and Pierce families.

    • Grave and burial locations where known are listed with tombstone photos (when available) on  

    • Iles, John (c.1657-1727) family group sheet in the Good, Wheatley, Wratten & Blanch family tree on Ancestry.com. Accessed Oct. 5, 2013.

    • Iles, Elizabeth (abt 1690 - aft 1743) family group sheet at Our Family History (fortunatusfamilia.com.au). Accessed Oct. 5, 2013.

    • Wraxall, Sarah (d. 1747) family group sheet in the Jones/Price/Wraxall/Berry Family Tree on Ancestry.com. Accessed Oct. 5, 2013.

     

 

 

by Mike Clark & Family

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